Property/Boundry and Limited Property/Boundary Surveys

Control Surveys

Topographic Survey
Right-of-Way Survey
General Location Survey
Data Accumulation Plan
Compilation Plan
Construction Stake-Out

Property/Boundary and Limited Property/Boundary Surveys
Property/Boundary and Limited Property/Boundary Surveys require sufficient investigation, study, field measurement and evaluation of factors affecting boundaries, real property interests and other relevant matters with respect to the subject real estate to enable the surveyor to render a professional opinion as to boundary locations and any conflicts therewith.

These surveys require the preparation of a detailed field survey and are intended to present the surveyor's property/boundary opinion.  It is recognized that certain factors pertaining to boundary line determination are beyond the surveyor's purview and may require agreements between abutting property owners or action by the courts.  Facts surrounding such circumstances shall be noted.

Types of Property/Boundary Surveys
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(1) Property Survey:  A Property Survey is a type of survey which depicts or notes the position of boundaries with respect to:

  • (A) Locations of all boundary monumentation found or set;
  • (B) Apparent improvements and features, including as a minimum:  Dwellings, barns, garages, sheds, driveways, roadways, surface utilities, visible bodies of water, and swimming pools;
  • (C) Record easements and visible evidence of the use thereof;
  • (D) Record and apparent means of ingress and egress;
  • (E) Lines of occupation, including as a minimum:  Fences, walls, hedges, and yards;
  • (F) Deed restrictions pertaining to the location of buildings or other apparent improvements;
  • (G) Unresolved conflicts with record deed descriptions and maps;
  • (H) All apparent boundary encroachments, and
  • (I) Monumentation required to be set at all corners created by a deflection angle of not less than 70 degrees between two consecutive courses and at intervals not to exceed 600 feet (180 meters) along the boundaries between said corners, except where natural or man-made monumentation defines or occupies the line.  Except when intended for use for Subdivision or Resubdivision applications, this requirement may be waived only through written agreement between surveyor and client and with a notation on the map that all monumentation found or set has been depicted.

(2) Perimeter Survey:  A Perimeter Survey is a type of survey which maps a strip along the boundaries, the minimum width of which shall be 15 feet (5 meters), oriented 10 feet (3 meters) within and 5 feet (2 meters) beyond the parcel limits.  The purpose of this type of survey is to document the boundary locations by depicting and noting their position with respect to:

  • (A) Locations of all boundary monumentation found or set;
  • (B) Apparent improvements and features, including as a minimum:  Dwellings, barns, garages, sheds, driveways, roadways, surface utilities, visible bodies of water, and swimming pools;
  • (C) Record easements and visible evidence of the use thereof;
  • (D) Record and visible means of ingress and egress;
  • (E) Lines of occupation, including as a minimum:  Fences, walls, hedges, and yards;
  • (F) Unresolved conflicts with existing deed descriptions and maps;
  • (G) Deed restrictions pertaining to the location of buildings or other apparent improvements;
  • (H) Apparent boundary encroachments, and
  • (I) Monumentation required to be set at all corners created by a deflection angle of not less than 70 degrees between two consecutive courses and at intervals not to exceed 600 feet (180 meters) along the boundaries between said corners, except where natural or man-made monumentation defines or occupies the line.  This requirement may be waived only through written agreement between surveyor and client and with a notation on the map that all monumentation found or set has been depicted.

Types of Limited Property/Boundary Surveys
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(1) Existing Building Location Survey:  An Existing Building Location Survey is a type of survey which depicts or notes the position of all buildings on the property with respect to boundaries, record easement lines and pertinent municipal setback requirements, and deed restrictions.  No other improvements or features need be depicted.

(2) Zoning Location Survey:  A Zoning Location Survey is a type of survey which depicts or notes the position of existing or proposed improvements with respect to applicable municipal setback requirements.  The purpose of this type of survey is to enable determination of compliance with said requirements.  Only those portions of the property pertinent to the issues being addressed must be depicted.  No other improvements or features need be depicted.

(3) Improvement Location Survey:  An Improvement Location Survey is a type of survey which depicts or notes the position, horizontally and, where required, vertically, between particular existing or proposed improvements with respect to the applicable municipal or statutory requirements.  The purpose of this type of survey is to enable determination of compliance with said requirements.  No other improvements or features need be depicted.

(4) Subdivision or Resubdivision Map:  A Subdivision or Resubdivision Map is a map of a type of survey which depicts or notes the layout of lots and the associated public or private highways, easements, and lands and is intended for submission to applicable regulatory entities.  This map shall conform to the requirements of a Property Survey or be submitted along with a Property Survey.

(5)Basement Map:  An Easement Map is a map of a type of survey which depicts and notes the position of an existing or proposed easement with respect to:

  • Boundary monumentation found or set;
  • Improvements and features, including as a minimum:  Dwellings, barns, garages, sheds, driveways, roadways, surface utilities, visible bodies of water, fences, walls, hedges, yards, and swimming pools;
  • Other record easements and visible evidence of the use thereof, and
  • Unresolved conflicts with record deed descriptions and maps.  All visible encroachments shall be depicted or noted thereon.

(6) Boundary Stake-Out:  A Boundary Stake-Out is a type of survey which marks or monuments the physical position of property corners or lines.  The surveyor shall issue a signed and sealed letter or sketch indicating the monuments or markers set and indicating the Boundary Determination Category used. No other features need be depicted.

Control Surveys
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(1) Horizontal Control Survey:  A Horizontal Control Survey is a type of survey which establishes points on a horizontal coordinate system, such as latitude and longitude, state, municipal, or arbitrary coordinates.

(2) Vertical Control Survey:  A Vertical Control Survey is a type of survey which establishes bench marks in relation to an appropriate vertical datum.

Topographic Survey
A Topographic Survey is a type of survey which depicts the configuration (relief) of the earth's surface (ground) and the location of natural and artificial objects thereon.

Right-of-Way Survey
A Right-of-Way Survey is a type of survey which maps the limits of existing or proposed highways or public utility transmission easements, including the mapping of parcels to be acquired for such purpose(s), as referenced to an established baseline.

General Location Survey
A General Location Survey is a type of survey which roughly depicts a parcel of land and particular improvements based on record research and compilation of data supplemented by limited field measurements.  The specific content is a matter to be agreed upon between the client and the surveyor and clearly noted on the map.  This type of survey shall not be used to prepare property descriptions for conveyance.

Data Accumulation Plan
A Data Accumulation Plan is a type of plan which depicts collected and correlated data of a particular type (or types) within a given area.  Data Accumulation Plans may be depicted on a previously prepared map.

Compilation Plan
A Compilation Plan is a type of plan based on land record research and other sources of information which depicts the approximate size and shape of a parcel of land.  This plan may be derived from records only and not as a result of a field survey or measurements by the surveyor.  The accuracy of this plan may vary with the quality of the data from which it has been compiled.

All pertinent sources utilized shall be noted on the plan.  Where said plan is created for a specific purpose, that purpose shall be noted.

Construction Stake-Out Services
Construction Stake-Out Services are types of surveys which control the horizontal or vertical positions of proposed improvements.  No plan need be prepared; however, documentation with respect to the position of points placed shall be maintained as a permanent record.

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Boundary Consulting Experts, LLC 88 Maplehurst Avenue, New Britain, Connecticut 06053 • 860-826-2900 • Fax: 860-826-0101